When we talk about Functional or Sports Rehabilitation, we refer to the process that occurs from minute 1 of the injury.
In this process the professional will guide the patient from the moment of the pathology assessment until his/her return to activity, either in sports practice or in daily life activities.
This process has to be individualized to each patient and not only to the patient, but to the damaged structure (tendon, ligament, muscle, bone…) since each tissue needs different stimuli to regenerate or recover in the most appropriate way.
In the first session, a detailed study of the patient is carried out, both at biomechanical and motor level, evaluating the dysfunctions that may be affecting the disabling injury.
This first session is very important, as it sets the basis for the treatment to be carried out in the following weeks. The second part of the session begins with a series of exercises that allow training to begin. These serve as a contact point to get to know the patient’s physical condition and as the beginning of the functional rehabilitation process.
How can physical exercise help in my recovery?
When we perform any movement, there are millions of processes that are involved for that movement to occur, among these there is the mechanotransduction, which is the process of transferring cellular signals in response to mechanical stimuli.
When we make a movement, it is produced because from our brain a command is sent to our muscles, which carry out the movement. Depending on the stimulus that reaches these muscles, the transfer of information at the cellular level will take place in one way or another.
Working with this mechanotransduction we can influence the development and cellular growth of a specific area, facilitating the recovery of a particular tissue whether muscle, bone, tendon or cartilage.
Is it only indicated for athletes?
Not at all, it is indicated for any person and condition, since wherever there is movement (joint or body segment) it is susceptible to suffer some alteration throughout life and lose its correct function. The process of functional readaptation will return the injured mobile segment to normality.
But the doctor told me to keep absolute rest...
Each case must be analyzed individually, but if there are no systemic contraindications, infectious diseases, recent surgeries, febrile states, etc., it will always be possible to intervene to a greater or lesser extent to begin the recovery.
This phrase has been a classic for years but has fallen into overwhelming and progressive disuse with the advance of physical and rehabilitation sciences, demonstrating that in a vast majority of pathologies, absolute rest is synonymous with chronification of the problem, since this rest will feed the appearance of muscular weaknesses that in many cases will worsen the condition.
What should I expect the following days?
Frequently, the first sessions generate fatigue and the subsequent appearance of stiffness as a response to the fact that the muscle is working correctly during the sessions. Symptomatic improvement.
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